2013年PRETCO不规则动词巧记列表
(1)原形、过去式、过去分词相同:
cast/cost/cut/hit/hurt/let/put/broadcast/burst/read/red/set/shut/spread/thrust/upset
(2)原形、过去式相同,过去分词不同:
beat/beat/beaten
(3)原形、过去分词相同,过去式不同:
come/came/come become/became/become
run/ran/run overcome/overcame/overcome
(4)原形不同,过去式,过去分词相同:
feel/felt/feltsleep/slept/slept
leave/left/left smell/smelt/smelt
keep/kept/keptcreep/crept/crept
kneel/knelt/kneltsweep/swept/swept
spell/spelt/speltweep/wept/wept
catch/caught/caughtfight/fought/fought
teach/taught/taughtthink/thought/thought
stand/stood/stoodlay/laid/laid
understand/understood/understoodpay/paid/paid
bleed/bled/bledsay/said/said
feed/fed/fedstick/stuck/stuck
lead/led/ledstrike/struck/struck
meet/met/mettell/told/told
learn/learnt/learntsell/sold/sold
learn/learned/learnedwin/won/won
burn/burnt/burntwind/wound/wound
burn/burned/burnedhave(has)/had/had
deal/dealt/dealthear/heard/heard
mean/meant/meantlean/leant/leant
dream/dreamt/dreamtlean/ leaned/leaned
bend/bent/bentshine/shone/shone
build/built/builtshoot/shot/shot
lend/lent/lentshow/showed/shown,
spend/spent/spentshow/showed//showed
flee/fled/fledsit/sat/sat
speed/sped/spedlose/lost/lost
speed/speeded/speeded dig/dug/dug
spit/spit/spithold/held/held
spit/spat/spatget/got/got(AmE gotten)
bring/brought/broughtfind/found/found
light/lit/litmake/made/made
light/lighted/lightedbuy/bought/bought
(5)三者均不同:
drive/drove/drivenblow/blew/blown
rise/rose/risenfly/flew/flown
wake woke/wokengrow/grew/grown
do/did/doneknow/knew/known
go/went/gonethrow/threw/thrown
see/saw/seen prove/proved/proven
eat/ate/eatenbreak/broke/broken
fall/fell/fallenchoose/chose/chosen
give/gave/givenfreeze/froze/frozen
shake/shook/shakenspeak/spoke/spoken
take/took/takensteal/stole/stolen
mistake/mistook/mistakenweave/wove/woven
forbid/forbad/forbiddenbegin/began/begun
forget/forgot/forgottendrink/drank/drunk
ride/rode/riddenring/rang/rung
hide/hid/hiddensing/sang/sung
write/wrote/writtensink/sank/sunk
wear/wore/wornswim/swam/swum
(6)相同动词因其过去式、过去分词有两形式而产生不同词义:
speed过去式、过去分词有两种:
sped/sped快行 speeded/speeded加速
light过去式,过去分词有两种:
lit/lit点着(表语) lighted/lighted供电,点燃的(定语)
shine过去式、过去分词有两种:
shone/shone/照耀 shined/shined擦亮
hang过去式、过去分词有两种:
hung/hung悬挂 hanged/hanged绞死
(7)drunken,stricken,sunken已转为形容词常作定语
a~ sot酒鬼 in a~manner摇摇晃晃地
(8)lie躺卧lay/lain/lying(现在分词)
lie撒谎 lied/lied/lying
lay放,下蛋laid/laid/laying
(9)come,become,overcome属不规则变化,但welcome属规则动词,其过去式、过去分词为:welcomed,welcomed
(10)fly,blow不是规则变化,但flow(流)是规则变化,过去式、过去分词为flowed,flowed.
(11) find发现 found found
found创建 pretco.com.cn
wind绕 wound wound
wound伤害 pretco.com.cn
see看见 saw seen
saw锯 sawed sawed
bear作“出生”, 过去分词有两种:born,borne,
borne用于have之后及带有by的被动句中;
born用于be born in/on/at中。
作“出生”,以外意义,其形式为bear/bore/borne忍受。




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